Local view for "http://purl.org/linkedpolitics/eu/plenary/2016-06-07-Speech-2-909-000"
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"Mr President, respect for fundamental rights and the rule of law is an essential element in a successful counter—terrorism policy. This Parliament has repeatedly condemned the CIA’s secret detention and extraordinary rendition programme which resulted in multiple human rights violations, including the use of torture and other inhumane and degrading treatment, abduction, secret detention, detention without trial and violations of the non-refoulement principle. It is absolutely clear that, despite their particular nature, policies of national security and counter-terrorism are not exempt from the principle of accountability, and there can be no impunity for violations of international and human rights law. Accountability for extraordinary renditions, abductions, illegal secret detentions and torture is essential in order to protect and promote human rights effectively in the international, internal and external policies of the EU and to ensure legitimate and effective security policies based on the rule of law. This Parliament has repeatedly called for a full investigation into the collaboration of EU Member States with the CIA’s secret detention and extraordinary rendition programme, for its recommendations to be followed up, for the examination of new elements that might emerge, and for its rights of inquiry to be fully made use of and developed. The report by the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence has revealed facts that reinforce allegations that a number of EU Member States, the authorities and the officials and agents of their security and intelligence services, were complicit in the CIA’s secret detention and extraordinary rendition programme, sometimes through corrupt means based on substantial amounts of money provided by the CIA in exchange for their cooperation. The report by the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence rebuts CIA claims that torture revealed information that could not have been collected through traditional non—violent interrogation techniques. The climate of impunity regarding the CIA programme has enabled the continuation of fundamental rights violations as further revealed by the mass surveillance programmes of the US National Security Agency and secret services of various EU Member States. The US must investigate and prosecute the multiple human rights violations resulting from the CIA rendition and secret detention programmes, and cooperate with all requests from EU Member States for information, extradition or effective remedies for victims in connection with the CIA programme. EU Member States must investigate the allegations that there were secret prisons on their territory where people were held under the CIA programme, and prosecute those involved in the operations, taking into account all the new evidence that has come to light. Member States must investigate fully recent allegations that illegal detention, rendition and torture took place on their territory, and prosecute those responsible. We expressed our concerns regarding the obstacles encountered by national parliamentary and judicial investigations into Member States’ involvement in the CIA programme, the abuse of state secrecy and the undue classification of documents, resulting in the termination of criminal proceedings and leading to the impunity of perpetrations of human rights violations. We therefore ask the Council if it has apologised for the breaching of the principle of sincere cooperation between the Union institutions, as enshrined in the Treaties, when it incorrectly attempted to persuade Parliament to accept deliberately shortened versions of the minutes of the meetings of the Council working parties on public international law and transatlantic relations with senior US officials. Did the Council issue a declaration acknowledging Member States’ involvement in the CIA programme and the difficulties encountered by Member States in the context of the inquiry? Did the Council give its full support to truth finding and accountability processes in the Member States? Did the Council hold hearings with relevant EU security agencies to clarify their knowledge of a programme and the EU’s response? Did the Council propose safeguards so as to guarantee respect for human rights and intelligence sharing, as well as strict limit delimitation of roles between intelligence and law enforcement activities? All these questions are of the utmost importance, as well as the question to the Commission as to whether the Commission has put forward proposals for developing arrangements for democratic oversight of cross-border intelligence activities in the context of EU counter—terrorism policies. National security is not outside the rule of law or human rights. It must be accountable and the EU has its role in this."@de2
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